Shelters are an essential component in our lives. In the wild, even animals tend to find caves or dig holes on the ground for them to create a shelter. These shelters are needed in order for animals to sustain health and give them privacy where they can make and take care of their children, eat, and also sleep. This concept of shelter also became the basis of houses and other residencies nowadays. Now, we’re going to redo this old method for us to use during times of need when in the wild.
Things That Need to be Considered when Building a Shelter
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First, you need to note down things that need to be considered when making a shelter. In this way, you can find the safest spot where it can’t get destroyed as well. Here are the following:
- Size – You need to check the size of your shelter. If you’re on your own, you will only need a short amount of time to build and get only a few items. You also need to remember that if you have a companion, the shelter still needs to be small to provide warmer temperatures inside.
- Location – You need to check the actual area where you will set up the shelter. Signs of areas with materials like sticks, vines, grasses, thin wood and some dry leaves are perfect places as they will help you craft more tools later on. Watch out for hazardous areas like animal nests and dead trees for falling branches. Lastly, always build in flat ground to provide the perfect foundation.
- Materials – There are various materials that needs to be collected in order for you to create a proper shelter. The materials differ on appearance, methods of crafting, and durability. You also need to keep some extra ones in case of emergency too. Consider the location to see if these materials are present. Lastly, these are essential to have for you to craft tools which will make tasks easier to do. Try learning how to create a tool from stone.
Be sure to remember these very important factors that will surely help you survive in the wild for a long time, as well as give you more ways to upgrade your shelter in the long run.
Components of the Shelter
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Before you start, check the materials that you’ll be using. Wood and clay are the best materials and you can make a mix of the two for your shelter. For clay, you need to learn how to find and mold clay in order to create a tougher shelter with a real wall on it. On the other hand, wood is easier to use, but lacks durability especially during stormy weather.
After that, you need to craft for your shelter by building the basic parts:
- Cover – The ‘roof’ of the shelter that protects one from rain or falling objects. If you know how to craft clay, you can shape up some tile-like objects for your roof supported with long wooden sticks for foundation. For wood, consider making a foundation for the roof first before attaching multiple sticks or leaves for the base of the roof.
- Walls – The walls of the shelter take shorter time to finish if made with clay as it only needs molding and hardening over time. Using wood takes a lot of time since a lot of tying will be made in order to support the walls. You’ll be using a lot of vines and sticks, which is better when building a cover. However, it can provide a smaller space which is better because all you have to do is build it in a tent-like fashion. Then, cover it up with a lot of leaves.
- Heat Source – This is the most vital part as it increases your survival rate. For shelters made of wood, it is quite risky to put a fireplace inside your shelter as it might spread. If so, consider a bigger size that’s enough to have a fire put on the center of the shelter. If the house if made of clay, mold a miniature chimney as you build the walls.
This basic tip is done by practitioners of survival activities and is also considered as a well-known guide in order to help you out when creating a shelter. In the wilderness, even animals find shelter for safety purposes and that’s why you should do it too in order to survive in the long run.