Category Archives for "Guides"

Finding the Best Compact Flashlight

On the hunt for the best compact flashlight?

It is relatively easy to find a compact flashlight now. There are so many lights that come in small packages these days. However, selecting the best compact flashlight has gotten more complicated over the development of technology. As more functions and capabilities are developed, the choices for the best has gotten more complicated. However,  it would be safe to say that there’s no better time to search for this than now.  It’s possible that compact flashlights could serve functions now that you may not even have thought of before.

How does one choose the best compact flashlight in the market?

The best flashlight market could essentially not be found out there, it’s actually in you. What do you need? What would fit most for your lifestyle? Many choices will be on your way, but here’s a quick run through on how you could get your hands on best compact flashlight, specifically for your needs!


Research on the Flashlight Market

  • Oftentimes, we would know what we need before buying anything. However, the flashlight market may be different. As human minds get more creative, compact flashlights (and other gadgets) have been constantly evolving to be multi-functional.
  • Flashlights now have different light modes and could be dimmed and brightened. Some have strobe and SOS features for emergencies, and some have lumens levels that go beyond a normal person’s daily needs. The variety never ends. Some compact flashlights could be keychains or have pocket clips, and others could even serve as can and bottle openers.
  • To select a great flashlight, one must know the many possibilities of what one may be equipped with.

Assess your needs and preferences

  • Compact flashlights are extremely handy. They are ideal for emergencies, and should ideally be carried on a daily basis. What’s your lifestyle like? If you have a rugged lifestyle, you might prefer a compact flashlight with a sturdy chassis.
  • If you do fieldwork in mountains and islands, you may prefer to have a flashlight with an SOS mode. A weather-proof chassis would also be goo. Features like water-proof and dust-proof must be up your alley.
  • If you often pass by dark and dangerous streets,  it could be best to have one that is best for self defense: a hard bezel and strobe light mode would be great.  The switch mode is also an important factor to look for, it should be very easy to turn on and switch modes.
  • If you are not very good at keeping things with you all the time, you could look for one with a pocket clip, or one that you could attach to a keychain. It’s also important to think of the flashlight’s texture. If you carry it with you all the time, a slippery texture wouldn’t be best.


  • If battery life and charging mechanism matters to you, there are rechargeable flashlights, flashlights that are powered by AA batteris,
  • Other factors like weight and adjustable beam may be important for you too. It’s important to know that the best compact flashlight might or might not yet be out there for you. Thus, it’s importance to prioritize your preferences, and just make sure to take note of what you definitely wouldn’t like in your flashlight (eg: short battery life or a plastic body). This is really going to give you a good direction. We hope you find all that you’re looking for in one!

Search for it on the market

  • After much research on how much a compact flashlight could do and knowing your preferences and needs, it’s now time to look for the this flashlight in the market, not just for anybody but specifically for you! You may narrow your search by going through brands first if you want to be sure with quality. Or you may freely rummage through tons of compact flashlights available out there.


  • When hunting for the best flashlight in a small package, make sure to countercheck the features on your list of yes and nos. You could strengthen your search by looking for reviews available online as well.

The best compact flashlight will definitely be your best every day companion, or it may stay as just another item that remains unused in your office table or bag. Choosing the best one specifically for you is crucial. Carpe diem!

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Where is the Most Powerful Flashlight?

What can the most powerful flashlight do?

You must be here because you’re in the hunt for the most powerful flashlight. Flashlights could work such wonders once you get to know how convenient keeping one within reach is. As users get to know flashlights better, few may wonder, what would a powerful flashlight be like?

That might depend on how one puts meaning to “power”. Would it be the brightest, the strongest, or the one that will survive the tests of time? Finding a powerful and great flashlight for your needs is a puzzle that we will attempt to solve here.


As you read on, we will discuss different features that may determine flashlight quality, what materials could be best for each, and any brand and model that will exhibit stellar performance in each category.

What we’re looking for could either be the brightest, meaning it has the highest lumens output amongst others. It could also have the strongest chassis, meant to break windows or assist in defending oneself against an aggressor in case of emergency. Lastly, it could be one with the longest battery life, and one that could last for years, possibly a great chunk of one’s lifetime. We’d prefer one that is a great mix of all. Let’s get started!


The most powerful flashlight could be determined by its lumens output. The brightest flashlight out there could light and entirely dark community in a cloudy night, and could certainly blind if it strikes an unsuspecting eye directly.

The brightest flashlight in existense now could give off 90000 lumens, a “flashlight” as it is called, that weighs around 5 kg and is powered by 10 100W LED lights. This is a DIY flashlight, and is very unconventional. It’s big for what one may think is a “flashlight” but light sources with high lumens outputs like this are perfect for lighting up an entirely dim setting, say, for a shooting or fieldwork. Lights with high lumens output are very fast on consuming battery, and thus, do not last that long.

Ninety thousand lumens is way over what a normal person would need on a day-to-day basis, and even in case of emergency and for work. However, it’s very useful for attempting to temporarily blind an aggressor or light up a very dark alley. The best and brightest lights are said to be manufactured by CREE. These are very bright LED lights, and are used for the brightest and more conventional flashlights out there. 3600 lumens flashlights from MECO and Nitecore are by far one of the brightest in the market at the moment.


Sturdy exteriors

When some people think of the most powerful flashlight, they think of a strong chassis that they could use for self-defense. The normal flashlights we see often on grocery stores are made of plastic, and are basically just used as a light source. However, tactical flashlights have a significant use for self-defense and other tactical purposes. It is used to break windows, other barriers, and attack aggressors (only when very necessary).

These flashlights have scalloped bezels made out of stainless steel. Most tactical flashlights are made to be sturdy. Aluminum alloys are lighter and relatively sturdy enough. Stainless steel is sturdy but heavy, which could be a pro or a con, depending on how one intends to use it. The most preferred material for the body is titanium, as it combines lightweight and sturdiness in one.

Eagletac has a D25C titanium model that is bright enough for day-to-day use, and could last long hours on the dimmer light settings. There are also some CREE powered titanium flashlights out there if you’re looking for lumens.



Aside from being sturdy, the most powerful flashlight should be able to withstand the tests of time. That would require being weather-proof, dust-proof, and skid-proof. If you acquire the best flashlight, might as well keep it for the long run. A good flashlight could ideally be equipped with all, or at least one of these to last long.

As you may have noticed, battery life or source is not mentioned here. Although you may consider it, the brightest lights require a lot of battery, and battery life would mostly depend on how much power you would need. All in all, we think that the most powerful flashlights are the brightest with wide coverage, enclosed in sturdy exteriors that are made to last.

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Hunt For Food: Using Traps and Snares

During the olden days, man thrived on animals and plants to live. More often than not, men hunt by groups in order to catch a game big enough to sustain the whole tribe, while women would plant crops and look after the children.

Hunting is important in terms of survival. Men in the olden times hunt with the use of a bow and arrows. Some would hunt with the use of traps and snares. Hunting by bow and arrow is more time consuming and you need to exert more effort in it compared to hunting by snares and traps. With the use of snares and traps, you can just set them up and wait for the prey to take on the bait.

In hunting, there are certain things that you need to remember before making traps and snares. First, you have to know what are the animals that you are going to hunt. Knowing the animals you are going to hunt allows you to decipher what kind of snares and traps that you are going to use. Second, do not leave traces of your presence. Animals are sensitive with their senses. It is best that you masked your presence; because if the animals knew that you are in their territory, they tend to avoid the place or attack you. Lastly, you must know how to construct traps and snares.

Snare is a trap using a looped wire or a cord that is set up to catch animals. Snares are often set up near the habitats of the prey. When the prey is caught on a snare, they tend to pull away from the trap, causing the noose to tighten around the part where the animal is caught. There are different kinds of snares that you could choose from.

Simple Snare
The simple snare is the type of snare where you are going to put a noose over an animal trail and attach it to a stake that is planted firmly on the ground. The snare must be big enough to fit the animal’s head. For the simple snare, it is best if you use a wire instead of a cord because when you are using a cord on your snare, the prey can slip out from the noose.

Simple snarePhoto source:

Drag Noose
Place two forked sticks on both side of the animal trail and lay a cross above the forked sticks. Hang the noose on the cross. Make sure that the noose is hanged on the same level of the head of the animal. Once the animal is caught on the noose, the noose will tighten around the head of the animal as it drags the cross towards the area, thus, making it easier to catch. This snare is suitable for animals on the run like deers.

Drag noose snarePhoto source:

Rolling snare
This snare is also known as the spring snare or twitch up snare. This snare is more efficient compared to the other snares mentioned above. Though it’s a little bit complex, it is more efficient. To make one, you need two sticks– one should be longer than the other. The shorter stick is used as the trigger, a wired noose and tree sapling. You are going to tie a wire from the sapling and attach it to the shorter stick. Carve a small 45 degree angle on the longer stick and make a hook on the shorter stick this will serve as the trigger of your rolling snare. Once the animal is caught in the snare, the animal will be hung above the ground, strangling it on the process.

Rolling snarePhoto source:

Traps,compared to snares, are easier to construct. Traps often times kill the prey by hitting its head with a heavy object. There are two kinds of traps that mostly used in survival hunting. For traps, often times hunters would use baits to lure animals to the trap.

Split Stick Deadfall Trap
To do this, you will need a boulder, two pieces of sticks that has the same diameter of a C battery, and a stick that is as thick as pencil. In this trap, you are going to lift one side of the boulder,use the three sticks to form a T shape structure. However, you need to be careful on constructing the trap, especially with your hand.

Split stick deadfall trapPhoto source:

Paiute Deadfall Trap
The Paiute Deadfall Trap was invented by the Pauite Tribe. This trap differs from different regions of the country. In some states of the US, this trap is illegal and is only use if the hunters have no other choice but to do so. Before using this trap, please check if this trap is allowed on the hunting grounds that you are currently hunting. This trap is similar to Split Stick Deadfall trap but it is more complicated in structure. This trap is said to be efficient and a lot safer compared to split stick deadfall trap.

Piaute deadfall trapPhoto source:

Survival hunting maybe very challenging. You must be equipped with enough on how to hunt for food while you are in the wild. Patience and knowledge of the area is very important to create a perfect snare or trap for you survival in the wild.

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Tactical Flashlights Buying Guide: Selecting the perfect fit for your needs

Tactical flashlights are extremely functional companions in our daily life. They could be used in a wide range of utility purposes, and could even be used for self-defense.

They have evolved from the heavy and bulky flashlight illuminated by fragile bulbs and D or AA batteries, to the now extremely durable, compact, and more functional tactical flashlights fit for every day carry and use.

Tactical flashlights are now powered by LED, a more compact and energy-efficient light source that has a longer life span. Its top grade, CREE LED, is said to have a life span that could last up to 100,000 hours. CREE flashlight review from its users are proof that these types of light source could last up to more than 5 years and counting.

If you’re looking for a tactical flashlight to be your everyday companion in your daily tasks and possibly some emergencies, here’s a guide to help you choose the best tactical flashlight there could possibly be.

Before proceeding, bear goals and purpose for buying one in mind. Once you’ve decided, it will be easy to have one perfect for your needs.

Purpose and functionality

If you’re a fireman, police, hunter, or in the special forces, you would know exactly how important and what tactical flashlights are for, however, an average person would probably never be able to imagine how often he/she may pull out a tactical flashlight if he/she had one.

Tactical flashlights are highly functional. They come in handy in almost every emergency situation and even make daily tasks become easier feats to accomplish.

What are you going to be using the flashlight for?

If it’s only for finding lost things in the dark or finding your way back whenever you lose direction in a dark place, a low lumens level would be enough.

However, if you intend to use it for self defense as a distracting light source, a weapon for hitting, or a blinding light, a higher lumens level and a sturdy body is a must.



A higher lumens level is brighter, has the capacity to be blinding, and could illuminate a larger space. However, it also consumes battery life faster.

Tactical flashlights are not only handy and portable. They have become one of man’s greatest companion for their high functionality. A tactical flashlight with only one function will limit you to what it already has when you buy it

Special modes


NITECORE P12 1000 Lumens Precise Tactical Flashlight CREE XM-L2 U2 LED Waterproof Flashlight 2015 Version

Take for example, a flashlight with only one mode could either have a flood or throw beam. This is an important consideration.

Would you like to use it to see something far, or would you like it to illuminate a wider area? Flood illuminates wider areas, while throw reaches longer and is especially more useful for target shooting and hunting.

Some more advanced tactical flashlights are also equipped with more modes like strobe, SOS, and beacon. Strobe is a inconsistent blinking light that is used to distract an opponent, while SOS and beacon modes are for survival and are great in conserving battery.

Light source

As for lighting sources, flashlights started to be equipped with classic bulbs that overheat after long usage and break after a fall. This was before LED light took the game to another level, as it provided energy efficient, brighter, and lighter light sources for flashlights. It made it possible for flashlights to be smaller and pocket sized, without compromising light quality.

For most of the mid-range to high-end flashlights, “CREE” could be seen. This is the best LED light created, with a longer life span, an even higher energy efficiency and light brightness. CREE flashlight review articles say that you won’t feel the need to charge it often despite using a high lumens mode.

Durability and Longevity

It is also important for most people to have a companion that lasts. Would you want to buy the perfect handy tactical flashlight only to be compelled to replace it regularly?

Most tactical flashlights are made to last, but it’s important to dissect the components that make it last longer.



People had been looking for lighter and more compact tactical flashlights now. This has given way to manufacturing tactical flashlights with a plastic chassis.

Tactical flashlights with a body made of plastics or composite are definitely lighter and cost less, but may not be as sturdy as its steel, titanium, and anodized aluminum counterparts.

Titanium on the other hand is light and sturdy too, but is very costly. Stainless steel is on the heavy side, despite its durability, and anodized aluminum is what most tactical flashlights are made of now.

If you’re particular about the weight and durability of the body, especially if you are considering using this as a weapon for self-defense when the need arises, these are facts that could be considered.


Same with functionality and purpose, the light source is important for longevity too.

Some bulbs are meant to last longer than others, and some can emit a large amount of light for a longer lifespan than others could.

The best would be CREE LED.

If you are on a budget, don’t settle for anything less than an LED unless there’s a need for you to. These bulbs are meant to last long and strong, and they are better companions especially for the long run.



Lastly, the budget is an important factor to consider in buying one. A budget need not be a limiting factor, but it could challenge your goals.

Knowing what you need creates a big difference. Knowing your device well enough to know how to take care of it would also help you make it last?

For the body, plastic and composites chassis are usually the cheapest. The prices go higher and higher from anodized aluminum, stainless steel, and titanium.

For the light source, LED lights are not expensive at all, but the longer lasting and brighter CREE lights would cost more. You can choose which ones you’d need for the tactical flashlight that would fit your needs.

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Hunt For Food: Learning Essential Knots

Every man who ends up in the wild, either by choice, through the love for adventure,or by mere ill-luck or chance, must know that there are four (4) keys to survival that will help determine life and death. These four keys are as follows: shelter, water, fire, and food. Here are the primary ways of acquiring food for survival; more specifically, through the use of ropes and knots.

When a survivor or adventurer heads out, he or she packs the essentials needed to keep oneself alive. These can include flashlights, a utility knife, a flare, a flint, rope, and others. One or two of these variables can change depending on the terrain one will head towards. Now, it’s great for someone to be readily packed, but it’s wise to know how to use the survival material to their optimum capacity. What good is the rope you brought if you don’t even know how to tie it.

Importance of knots

survival knotsPhoto source:

Knots have been used since centuries back, allotting a massive thousand of varying knots that we have today. Sure a lot of them are just combinations of one or the other, but what we know for sure is that they all serve slightly varying purposes. When you are out there in the wild, you do not need to remember all one thousand of the knots in the world, but simply the most essential five, which will be listed below.

Square/Reef Knot

The most common knot, and possibly the only one you should know if you ever decide to learn about knotting, is the Square/Reef Knot. This is used to combine two ropes together to make a longer one, or to simply tie up a single rope.

Sheet Bend

There is a more efficient knotting method, one that is more stable for tying two ropes together. It is called the Sheet Bend; a technique that allows you to make a long rope out of shorter ones of varying diameters. Knowing the first two knots is basic knowledge for continuing on to other knots.

Bowline Knot

Assuming you have already caught food, you would either need to move it, or save it by hanging it on a tree. The Bowline Knot is used to create a secure loop at the end of a rope. It is used not only for securing game and safe-keeping, but also for tying the rope on a pole or some other vertical structure.

Noose Knot

survival knotsPhoto source:

The Noose Knot is a simple knotting method that creates a noose that tightens when pulled. It is nearly impossible to remove without opposed thumbs and sentience. This is an ideal knot for small game like rabbits and squirrels; maybe with an occasional fox or two. It may be an effective knot for tightening around a moving object, but when facing massive strain from a great source of strength like stags and moose, the rope is sure to break.

San Diego Jam Knot

The previous knots are good in surviving in a mountainous forest where the food available are mostly terrestrial animals. However, what happens if you are near a body of water where fish is available? The San Diego Jam allows one to create a strong and firm knot to a fishing hook; effectively lowering the chance of the rope breaking off from too much strain and tension. This may not be considered essential by most, but it surely takes its place to ensure diverse knowledge is given. After all, anything could happen in the wild.

These are the five (5) essential knots you need to get yourself alive in the wild and back home safely. Getting to the point of mastering these knots and being able to tie them without visibility will take a lot of perseverance and patience. Sure, it’s fine not to learn these if you have no plans on actively going out on adventures, but the world is unpredictable and you are never sure when these will come in handy.

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Learn How to Read the Compass

compassPhoto source:

J.R.R. Tolkien once said, “Not all those who wander are lost.” Maybe, they just forgot to bring a compass.

Kidding aside, compass is very important for nomads who are willing to go into the wild and explore its hidden wonders with nothing to rely on but their thrill for adventure and wanderlust. Contrary to popular belief, the main purpose of a compass is not on knowing your bearings. Yes, it may seem essential for you need to know where precisely you are standing at a certain point but that is not the main reason. The ultimate function of a compass is to determine where the real north is. With this in mind, you can now properly set your coordinates towards the right track.

Knowing the compass

There are different types of compass depending on its functionality. Although it may come in different forms, all compasses share the same basic components. That is why it is also very important that you know the different parts of the compass in order for you to get easily acquainted with this device once you are in the wild.

Using the compass

The first step on learning how to read the compass is holding it correctly. It should be placed on your palm at chest level. If you happen to have a map, you may place the map on a flat surface with the compass on top of it for a more accurate reading.

Once you have positioned yourself correctly, next step would be to know where your general direction is. In doing this, it is crucial that you have to synchronize first the degree dial on your compass until the orienting and magnetic arrows are lined up together. If the direction of the arrow is between N and W, then you are facing northwest. If you want an accurate reading, you may refer on the degree markers lined up along the degree dial.

Learning about declination

In learning how to read the compass, you should also know the difference between True North and Magnetic North as this may affect with your interpretation as well.

As mentioned previously, you may use a map alongside with your compass to determine your accurate bearings. There are times that the North on your compass would differ from that on the map. This is what you call declination. Correcting the declination will pave way into an even more accurate reading and eventually lead you towards the right direction. In doing this, all you have to do is to add or subtract degrees from your map or from your compass for compensatory purposes. Declination will also vary depending on the location of your terrain as well. So, it is crucial that you know the general directions on where you are currently located at.

Avoiding getting lost

When you are all set for your trek into the wild, remember to check your bearings from time to time to avoid getting lost. You may have to adjust your degree dial along the way just to make sure that you are still heading towards the right direction.

Make sure that your body is turned towards a direction wherein the magnetic needle is aligned with the orienting needle. Once this is accomplished, simply continue on walking towards that direction.

Along the way, you will have to point your compass on certain landmarks. Choose something that is not too distant like mountains from afar as this will be more difficult for navigation.

Remember to plot your progress on your map so that you will have a general idea as to where you are heading at. All you have to do is to simply draw a line on the map with your compass as a guide. 

compassPhoto source:

In general, reading the compass can be really tricky. It involves mastery in knowing which way to turn the dial while keeping in mind which way North really is.  It entails presence of mind as well because a slight mistake can lead you off the right track. Hence, it is very important that you know its basic parts and using them to your advantage. Once you are confident with your compass reading skills, trust your compass. Landscapes may look the same as you move along with your adventure but the compass is constant and will serve as your ultimate reference no matter where you are in this world.

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Making tactical flashlights an every day companion

A tactical flashlight could be useful in more ways than one. It is called “tactical” because it was initially created to serve tactical purposes for men in the military or police in a mission.

Tactical flashlights could be used in self defense, or simply in finding lost things or a lost direction. You may not appreciate its use at first, but once you have it, you’ll be surprised at how often you may have to pull it out when in need.

A tactical flashlight could make daily tasks easier simply by providing the user better sight of what he or she is doing. Our sight is one of our strongest senses, and providing ample light when needed makes a big difference.

It is therefore practical to consider a tactical flashlight that could be a daily companion. By having one, it must be mobile and easy to carry around for you to be able to take it around with you and have it within reach when you need it. What would an everyday companion tactical flashlight be if it’s in your room when you need it in your office?

There are several criteria to consider in choosing an everyday tactical flashlight. Here are some:

Size and weightmaking-tactical-flashlights-an-every-day-companion-3

This is one of the primary things to consider in choosing an everyday carry flashlight.

It has to be light an compact enough for you to be able to carry it around without any discomfort, or even without noticing it.

Some tactical flashlights could simply be put in your pocket, but it would be easier to have it hanging on your belt

The material of the chassis is mostly what accounts for the tactical flashlight’s weight. Most flashlights are made of anodized aluminum, they are light and durable enough. Some are made of lighter plastics, while others are made of an equally light but significantly more expensive titanium. If you don’t think you would mind the weight, a stainless steel is a good option too.


 An everyday carry flashlight would mostly be needed for simply illumination.

If this is the case, you may simply buy any simple but durable tactical flashlight available.

However, if you are considering to use it for self defense, you may consider buying ones with a solid and rigid body, and special modes for blinding or distracting an aggressor. An easily manipulated switch is also a must.



It’s important to choose your everyday companion well.

The goal is to make it a part of your daily life, and to even make it an extension of yourself.

With this in mind, you can choose one that you are comfortable with in terms of controls, modes, weight, size, shape, and grip.

Once you get your ideal tactical flashlight buddy, I doubt you’d be thrilled to have to change it when it breaks or stops functioning.

To really have it easily carried with you around your routines, it must be able to last long and strong. Look for tactical flashlights with a solid chassis and a LED light that has a long life span.


Most of the durable tactical flashlights that are meant to last a lifetime would significantly cost more than the others. That may sound like an impractical buy, but it’s a wise choice for something that you’d like to keep for years and years.

Instead of buying a new one each time the old one breaks, or instead of buying one that will eventually break and deciding that you wouldn’t want the hassle of a tactical flashlight anymore, it’s better to buy a tactical flashlight that will last for a long time.

There are many mid-range and high-end choices to choose from. Each has their own advantages and disadvantages in terms of cost, durability, and weight, but you could make up for that by knowing its capacities and limitations and taking care of it as needed.

All in all, a tactical flashlight is a fantastic investment. It could definitely help you become more productive in your daily task.


If you are considering buying one, I suggest for you not to back out on this plan. This is one of the best decisions one could ever make. Just keep in mind that a good tactical flashlight would be one that would be within reach when you need it. That includes emergencies that you may have no foresight on, so it’s best to have one you’d be comfortable bringing around with you at all times.

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Drink Safely: Make Inverted Solar Still

Distilled water is impure water processed and purified either through water vapor or condensed steam. Distillation happens when this impure water is heated until it reaches its boiling point. It is important to know that different types of water such as water coming from the stream, rock, sea, well, etc. have different boiling points and boiling points are also influenced by atmospheric pressures.  When the water reaches its boiling point during the process, all the residue (solid particles) and distillate (gas form) will be removed. The water that comes out of the process will be the water used for drinking which is considered to be of its highest purity.

distillation of water

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Introduction to Solar Still

Solar still came from the term ‘Solar Distillation’, which basically remodels the distillation process. In this process, the steam or heat needed is from the sun that is trapped into the still. The heat will destroy all the harmful chemicals and organisms in the water. When the water evaporates, the remaining water which is now a condensed water vapor and purified, will be collected in a container.

There are many varieties of solar stills and they are undeniably efficient. However, when one goes to camping or is lost in the woods and is in dire need of a drinking water, there’s a fight for survival. Worst case is when there is no access to any electrical resources and is confronted by the risk of getting diseases. Fortunately, making solar stills is not that hard. The following are the requirements you need to accomplish to make a still.

Know the area

Are you in an area full of trees or in a dessert? You have to ask yourself about this because there are two ways of building a ‘do-it-yourself’ water purifying system. Look for an area where there is a flat surface and is directly exposed to sun and without wind, because strong winds might destroy your still. If you are in a forest, start getting sticks that are six to seven feet tall or even taller (it depends on you). If you are in a dessert, start digging a circular hole at least two feet deep.

Prepare the materials

All you need is plastic, container, weights and supports. Plastic must be bigger, wider and transparent. This will be used to trap the heat of the sun as well as the moisture or the accumulated water vapor. The container functions as a trough that will collect the purified or distilled water from the plastic sheet. Weights will protect the solar still setup from the passing winds. They can be rocks or anything that can hold the plastic sheet together and are used to ensure that no moisture could go out. They should be not sharp enough to create holes or scratches in the sheet. Supports keep your setup intact and may also help in the framework (in the case of solar still built at the forest). They could be long sticks or even more rocks (in the dessert area’s case).


With the ideal area and required materials, now is the time to assemble your setup. In forest area, the long sticks will serve as a tripod and the plastic sheet will be tied at its vertex or the assembly point of the three sticks. A container, preferably wider, is placed inside the plastic and the rocks will circle around at the sides of the container to weigh the plastic down.

In dessert area, after digging a small crater on the ground, dig another crater inside and put the container inside it. Cover the setup with plastic and secure and tighten the sheet with rocks. Put a handful of sand at the middle of the plastic, aligned with the container. This is to help in giving direction of the vapor flow.

solar still

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Collect your purified water

At long last, your thirst will finally be quenched! Collect the vapor and store them in containers that are also clean.

Even though the use of solar still is widely accepted, one must not simply overlook the existence of pathogens that are not easily killed by sun’s heat alone. When you finally collected your purified water, you do not know how purified it is until you test the water in a laboratory. Thus, in order to survive, be vigilant always.

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Preparation Guide Before Going to the Wilderness

Wilderness adventurePhoto source:

As you go on an adventure in the wilderness, fun and danger comes together. Sure enough, travelling to a place where every view is beautiful, each sight is new and all corners are unknown, couldn’t be anything but amusing. Then again, wilderness is full of mysteries. It is a place where the unexpected can get you puzzled anytime.

Outdoor enthusiasts are very much aware of the risks of traveling to the wilderness and the hazards of outdoor recreation, yet still go on just to see the beauty of nature, the wonders of earth. There are so many things that could happen to you in the midst of the wilderness. There might be some kind of accidental injury, sudden climate changes, equipment failure, and many other unexpected situations you can be completely unprepared of.

Detailed prior planning and complete preparation is very essential before going on an outdoor adventure, where safety is at risk and survival is the utmost priority. It’s not like some guy from Wrong Turn will come running to you, but it’s rather good to expect the worst. Here is a preparation guide for a wilderness adventure, so you can have fun and stay safe at the same time.

  1. Pack the essentials

While it’s not totally necessary to wear ton-weighing backpacks on track, nuts and bolts must always be on hand. Here are the most essential things that should be inside your travel bag:

  • First aid kit: As you have fun out in the wilderness, you can get accidental injuries and all. It’s not easy to find a doctor in the middle of nowhere, after all, so it’s really important that you can perform first aid measures by yourself for yourself and for others. It can be hard to enjoy the moment while feeling even a little pain.
  • Water and food: Next to fun and safety, health security should come next on your priority list. How could you possibly have a good time with a hungry mouth and empty stomach with zero energy left?
  • Appropriate footwear: When on an adventure, wear good shoes. By that it means safe, comfortable pair of the best travel shoes. Bring extra socks in case what you’re wearing gets wet or dirty.
  • Other essentials: Extra clothes, map and compass, knife, matches or fire starters, flashlight with extra batteries, and sunglasses and sunscreen
  1. Know your route

Understanding your route or camp site is very important when going out on a new, unfamiliar place. Map and compass can help, but having a pre-hike will be better. Otherwise, you can always look up to the internet to view images so you can take a peak of what the place looks like. Getting lost in the middle of the wilderness couldn’t be any worse.

Road wildernessPhoto source:

  1. Set the date according to the weather

Weather is unpredictable just as the wilderness is, but discussing the possibility of weather can be of great help. Deciding on a date of trip is probably the perfect time to pay attention to the news forecast. Settle on a date when its in-line with your schedule and the when the weather’s perfectly smooth.

It’s also a smart move to be on trail early, early enough to get to the site before the sun sets and the road gets dark. For overnight trips, it’s still important to be early and get off the trail before the dusk. Storms often come in the late afternoon, especially on mountains.

  1. Be physically prepared

Stepping into the wilderness isn’t just about picture-taking and sight-viewing, it’s jam-packed with adventure! As you arrive, you might want to engage to physical activities that are absolutely extreme for you. Make sure you’re in best shape and your body is able to handle such extreme adventures you’re about to take on.

  1. Be ready to step out of your comfort zone

The wilderness is vast and a mystery, but that’s what’s made it awesome. It’s a place where you experience the great challenge of Mother Nature and of providence, too, in point of fact. Anytime can be your time of doom out there, but a mentally prepared adventure dweller can come to grips with just about everything.

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