Mark Griffith

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Hunt For Food: Using Traps and Snares

During the olden days, man thrived on animals and plants to live. More often than not, men hunt by groups in order to catch a game big enough to sustain the whole tribe, while women would plant crops and look after the children.

Hunting is important in terms of survival. Men in the olden times hunt with the use of a bow and arrows. Some would hunt with the use of traps and snares. Hunting by bow and arrow is more time consuming and you need to exert more effort in it compared to hunting by snares and traps. With the use of snares and traps, you can just set them up and wait for the prey to take on the bait.

In hunting, there are certain things that you need to remember before making traps and snares. First, you have to know what are the animals that you are going to hunt. Knowing the animals you are going to hunt allows you to decipher what kind of snares and traps that you are going to use. Second, do not leave traces of your presence. Animals are sensitive with their senses. It is best that you masked your presence; because if the animals knew that you are in their territory, they tend to avoid the place or attack you. Lastly, you must know how to construct traps and snares.

Snare is a trap using a looped wire or a cord that is set up to catch animals. Snares are often set up near the habitats of the prey. When the prey is caught on a snare, they tend to pull away from the trap, causing the noose to tighten around the part where the animal is caught. There are different kinds of snares that you could choose from.

Simple Snare
The simple snare is the type of snare where you are going to put a noose over an animal trail and attach it to a stake that is planted firmly on the ground. The snare must be big enough to fit the animal’s head. For the simple snare, it is best if you use a wire instead of a cord because when you are using a cord on your snare, the prey can slip out from the noose.

Simple snarePhoto source: http://www.instructables.com

Drag Noose
Place two forked sticks on both side of the animal trail and lay a cross above the forked sticks. Hang the noose on the cross. Make sure that the noose is hanged on the same level of the head of the animal. Once the animal is caught on the noose, the noose will tighten around the head of the animal as it drags the cross towards the area, thus, making it easier to catch. This snare is suitable for animals on the run like deers.

Drag noose snarePhoto source: https://www.survivalkit.com

Rolling snare
This snare is also known as the spring snare or twitch up snare. This snare is more efficient compared to the other snares mentioned above. Though it’s a little bit complex, it is more efficient. To make one, you need two sticks– one should be longer than the other. The shorter stick is used as the trigger, a wired noose and tree sapling. You are going to tie a wire from the sapling and attach it to the shorter stick. Carve a small 45 degree angle on the longer stick and make a hook on the shorter stick this will serve as the trigger of your rolling snare. Once the animal is caught in the snare, the animal will be hung above the ground, strangling it on the process.

Rolling snarePhoto source: http://survivalistprepper.net

Traps,compared to snares, are easier to construct. Traps often times kill the prey by hitting its head with a heavy object. There are two kinds of traps that mostly used in survival hunting. For traps, often times hunters would use baits to lure animals to the trap.

Split Stick Deadfall Trap
To do this, you will need a boulder, two pieces of sticks that has the same diameter of a C battery, and a stick that is as thick as pencil. In this trap, you are going to lift one side of the boulder,use the three sticks to form a T shape structure. However, you need to be careful on constructing the trap, especially with your hand.

Split stick deadfall trapPhoto source: http://www.instructables.com

Paiute Deadfall Trap
The Paiute Deadfall Trap was invented by the Pauite Tribe. This trap differs from different regions of the country. In some states of the US, this trap is illegal and is only use if the hunters have no other choice but to do so. Before using this trap, please check if this trap is allowed on the hunting grounds that you are currently hunting. This trap is similar to Split Stick Deadfall trap but it is more complicated in structure. This trap is said to be efficient and a lot safer compared to split stick deadfall trap.

Piaute deadfall trapPhoto source: http://www.instructables.com

Survival hunting maybe very challenging. You must be equipped with enough on how to hunt for food while you are in the wild. Patience and knowledge of the area is very important to create a perfect snare or trap for you survival in the wild.

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Hunt For Food: Learning Essential Knots

Every man who ends up in the wild, either by choice, through the love for adventure,or by mere ill-luck or chance, must know that there are four (4) keys to survival that will help determine life and death. These four keys are as follows: shelter, water, fire, and food. Here are the primary ways of acquiring food for survival; more specifically, through the use of ropes and knots.

When a survivor or adventurer heads out, he or she packs the essentials needed to keep oneself alive. These can include flashlights, a utility knife, a flare, a flint, rope, and others. One or two of these variables can change depending on the terrain one will head towards. Now, it’s great for someone to be readily packed, but it’s wise to know how to use the survival material to their optimum capacity. What good is the rope you brought if you don’t even know how to tie it.

Importance of knots

survival knotsPhoto source: http://www.101waystosurvive.com/

Knots have been used since centuries back, allotting a massive thousand of varying knots that we have today. Sure a lot of them are just combinations of one or the other, but what we know for sure is that they all serve slightly varying purposes. When you are out there in the wild, you do not need to remember all one thousand of the knots in the world, but simply the most essential five, which will be listed below.

Square/Reef Knot

The most common knot, and possibly the only one you should know if you ever decide to learn about knotting, is the Square/Reef Knot. This is used to combine two ropes together to make a longer one, or to simply tie up a single rope.

Sheet Bend

There is a more efficient knotting method, one that is more stable for tying two ropes together. It is called the Sheet Bend; a technique that allows you to make a long rope out of shorter ones of varying diameters. Knowing the first two knots is basic knowledge for continuing on to other knots.

Bowline Knot

Assuming you have already caught food, you would either need to move it, or save it by hanging it on a tree. The Bowline Knot is used to create a secure loop at the end of a rope. It is used not only for securing game and safe-keeping, but also for tying the rope on a pole or some other vertical structure.

Noose Knot

survival knotsPhoto source: http://www.handmadecharlotte.com

The Noose Knot is a simple knotting method that creates a noose that tightens when pulled. It is nearly impossible to remove without opposed thumbs and sentience. This is an ideal knot for small game like rabbits and squirrels; maybe with an occasional fox or two. It may be an effective knot for tightening around a moving object, but when facing massive strain from a great source of strength like stags and moose, the rope is sure to break.

San Diego Jam Knot

The previous knots are good in surviving in a mountainous forest where the food available are mostly terrestrial animals. However, what happens if you are near a body of water where fish is available? The San Diego Jam allows one to create a strong and firm knot to a fishing hook; effectively lowering the chance of the rope breaking off from too much strain and tension. This may not be considered essential by most, but it surely takes its place to ensure diverse knowledge is given. After all, anything could happen in the wild.

These are the five (5) essential knots you need to get yourself alive in the wild and back home safely. Getting to the point of mastering these knots and being able to tie them without visibility will take a lot of perseverance and patience. Sure, it’s fine not to learn these if you have no plans on actively going out on adventures, but the world is unpredictable and you are never sure when these will come in handy.

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Learn How to Read the Compass

compassPhoto source: http://www.sortra.com

J.R.R. Tolkien once said, “Not all those who wander are lost.” Maybe, they just forgot to bring a compass.

Kidding aside, compass is very important for nomads who are willing to go into the wild and explore its hidden wonders with nothing to rely on but their thrill for adventure and wanderlust. Contrary to popular belief, the main purpose of a compass is not on knowing your bearings. Yes, it may seem essential for you need to know where precisely you are standing at a certain point but that is not the main reason. The ultimate function of a compass is to determine where the real north is. With this in mind, you can now properly set your coordinates towards the right track.

Knowing the compass

There are different types of compass depending on its functionality. Although it may come in different forms, all compasses share the same basic components. That is why it is also very important that you know the different parts of the compass in order for you to get easily acquainted with this device once you are in the wild.

Using the compass

The first step on learning how to read the compass is holding it correctly. It should be placed on your palm at chest level. If you happen to have a map, you may place the map on a flat surface with the compass on top of it for a more accurate reading.

Once you have positioned yourself correctly, next step would be to know where your general direction is. In doing this, it is crucial that you have to synchronize first the degree dial on your compass until the orienting and magnetic arrows are lined up together. If the direction of the arrow is between N and W, then you are facing northwest. If you want an accurate reading, you may refer on the degree markers lined up along the degree dial.

Learning about declination

In learning how to read the compass, you should also know the difference between True North and Magnetic North as this may affect with your interpretation as well.

As mentioned previously, you may use a map alongside with your compass to determine your accurate bearings. There are times that the North on your compass would differ from that on the map. This is what you call declination. Correcting the declination will pave way into an even more accurate reading and eventually lead you towards the right direction. In doing this, all you have to do is to add or subtract degrees from your map or from your compass for compensatory purposes. Declination will also vary depending on the location of your terrain as well. So, it is crucial that you know the general directions on where you are currently located at.

Avoiding getting lost

When you are all set for your trek into the wild, remember to check your bearings from time to time to avoid getting lost. You may have to adjust your degree dial along the way just to make sure that you are still heading towards the right direction.

Make sure that your body is turned towards a direction wherein the magnetic needle is aligned with the orienting needle. Once this is accomplished, simply continue on walking towards that direction.

Along the way, you will have to point your compass on certain landmarks. Choose something that is not too distant like mountains from afar as this will be more difficult for navigation.

Remember to plot your progress on your map so that you will have a general idea as to where you are heading at. All you have to do is to simply draw a line on the map with your compass as a guide. 

compassPhoto source: http://animasilentii.soup.io/

In general, reading the compass can be really tricky. It involves mastery in knowing which way to turn the dial while keeping in mind which way North really is.  It entails presence of mind as well because a slight mistake can lead you off the right track. Hence, it is very important that you know its basic parts and using them to your advantage. Once you are confident with your compass reading skills, trust your compass. Landscapes may look the same as you move along with your adventure but the compass is constant and will serve as your ultimate reference no matter where you are in this world.

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Drink Safely: Make Inverted Solar Still

Distilled water is impure water processed and purified either through water vapor or condensed steam. Distillation happens when this impure water is heated until it reaches its boiling point. It is important to know that different types of water such as water coming from the stream, rock, sea, well, etc. have different boiling points and boiling points are also influenced by atmospheric pressures.  When the water reaches its boiling point during the process, all the residue (solid particles) and distillate (gas form) will be removed. The water that comes out of the process will be the water used for drinking which is considered to be of its highest purity.

distillation of water

Photo source: http://labonlaptop.com/Store/product/learn-water-distillation-process/

Introduction to Solar Still

Solar still came from the term ‘Solar Distillation’, which basically remodels the distillation process. In this process, the steam or heat needed is from the sun that is trapped into the still. The heat will destroy all the harmful chemicals and organisms in the water. When the water evaporates, the remaining water which is now a condensed water vapor and purified, will be collected in a container.

There are many varieties of solar stills and they are undeniably efficient. However, when one goes to camping or is lost in the woods and is in dire need of a drinking water, there’s a fight for survival. Worst case is when there is no access to any electrical resources and is confronted by the risk of getting diseases. Fortunately, making solar stills is not that hard. The following are the requirements you need to accomplish to make a still.

Know the area

Are you in an area full of trees or in a dessert? You have to ask yourself about this because there are two ways of building a ‘do-it-yourself’ water purifying system. Look for an area where there is a flat surface and is directly exposed to sun and without wind, because strong winds might destroy your still. If you are in a forest, start getting sticks that are six to seven feet tall or even taller (it depends on you). If you are in a dessert, start digging a circular hole at least two feet deep.

Prepare the materials

All you need is plastic, container, weights and supports. Plastic must be bigger, wider and transparent. This will be used to trap the heat of the sun as well as the moisture or the accumulated water vapor. The container functions as a trough that will collect the purified or distilled water from the plastic sheet. Weights will protect the solar still setup from the passing winds. They can be rocks or anything that can hold the plastic sheet together and are used to ensure that no moisture could go out. They should be not sharp enough to create holes or scratches in the sheet. Supports keep your setup intact and may also help in the framework (in the case of solar still built at the forest). They could be long sticks or even more rocks (in the dessert area’s case).

Assemble

With the ideal area and required materials, now is the time to assemble your setup. In forest area, the long sticks will serve as a tripod and the plastic sheet will be tied at its vertex or the assembly point of the three sticks. A container, preferably wider, is placed inside the plastic and the rocks will circle around at the sides of the container to weigh the plastic down.

In dessert area, after digging a small crater on the ground, dig another crater inside and put the container inside it. Cover the setup with plastic and secure and tighten the sheet with rocks. Put a handful of sand at the middle of the plastic, aligned with the container. This is to help in giving direction of the vapor flow.

solar still

Photo source: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/237283474087604197/

Collect your purified water

At long last, your thirst will finally be quenched! Collect the vapor and store them in containers that are also clean.

Even though the use of solar still is widely accepted, one must not simply overlook the existence of pathogens that are not easily killed by sun’s heat alone. When you finally collected your purified water, you do not know how purified it is until you test the water in a laboratory. Thus, in order to survive, be vigilant always.

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Preparation Guide Before Going to the Wilderness

Wilderness adventurePhoto source: http://www.lastminute.co.nz

As you go on an adventure in the wilderness, fun and danger comes together. Sure enough, travelling to a place where every view is beautiful, each sight is new and all corners are unknown, couldn’t be anything but amusing. Then again, wilderness is full of mysteries. It is a place where the unexpected can get you puzzled anytime.

Outdoor enthusiasts are very much aware of the risks of traveling to the wilderness and the hazards of outdoor recreation, yet still go on just to see the beauty of nature, the wonders of earth. There are so many things that could happen to you in the midst of the wilderness. There might be some kind of accidental injury, sudden climate changes, equipment failure, and many other unexpected situations you can be completely unprepared of.

Detailed prior planning and complete preparation is very essential before going on an outdoor adventure, where safety is at risk and survival is the utmost priority. It’s not like some guy from Wrong Turn will come running to you, but it’s rather good to expect the worst. Here is a preparation guide for a wilderness adventure, so you can have fun and stay safe at the same time.

  1. Pack the essentials

While it’s not totally necessary to wear ton-weighing backpacks on track, nuts and bolts must always be on hand. Here are the most essential things that should be inside your travel bag:

  • First aid kit: As you have fun out in the wilderness, you can get accidental injuries and all. It’s not easy to find a doctor in the middle of nowhere, after all, so it’s really important that you can perform first aid measures by yourself for yourself and for others. It can be hard to enjoy the moment while feeling even a little pain.
  • Water and food: Next to fun and safety, health security should come next on your priority list. How could you possibly have a good time with a hungry mouth and empty stomach with zero energy left?
  • Appropriate footwear: When on an adventure, wear good shoes. By that it means safe, comfortable pair of the best travel shoes. Bring extra socks in case what you’re wearing gets wet or dirty.
  • Other essentials: Extra clothes, map and compass, knife, matches or fire starters, flashlight with extra batteries, and sunglasses and sunscreen
  1. Know your route

Understanding your route or camp site is very important when going out on a new, unfamiliar place. Map and compass can help, but having a pre-hike will be better. Otherwise, you can always look up to the internet to view images so you can take a peak of what the place looks like. Getting lost in the middle of the wilderness couldn’t be any worse.

Road wildernessPhoto source: https://pixabay.com

  1. Set the date according to the weather

Weather is unpredictable just as the wilderness is, but discussing the possibility of weather can be of great help. Deciding on a date of trip is probably the perfect time to pay attention to the news forecast. Settle on a date when its in-line with your schedule and the when the weather’s perfectly smooth.

It’s also a smart move to be on trail early, early enough to get to the site before the sun sets and the road gets dark. For overnight trips, it’s still important to be early and get off the trail before the dusk. Storms often come in the late afternoon, especially on mountains.

  1. Be physically prepared

Stepping into the wilderness isn’t just about picture-taking and sight-viewing, it’s jam-packed with adventure! As you arrive, you might want to engage to physical activities that are absolutely extreme for you. Make sure you’re in best shape and your body is able to handle such extreme adventures you’re about to take on.

  1. Be ready to step out of your comfort zone

The wilderness is vast and a mystery, but that’s what’s made it awesome. It’s a place where you experience the great challenge of Mother Nature and of providence, too, in point of fact. Anytime can be your time of doom out there, but a mentally prepared adventure dweller can come to grips with just about everything.

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Using Tree Barks to Survive

Life in the wild isn’t easy. In the wild, you get to experience the exhilarating thrill of the lurking danger in every corner of the wilderness. A whole place full of trees and wild animals hidden from the civilization. Indeed, it is an adventure to people who seek the rush of unknown danger. But what if you ran out of supplies in the middle of a forest, away from civilization? How will you make use of the resources at your reached? How will you survive in that situation?

You can get a lot of things in the forest. You can hunt small animals to feed on. You can get various things from trees, too. You can get fruits from it to quell your hunger. Its leaves can serve as a shelter from the scorching sun, but how about the tree barks? What are the things that you can get from them? Here are some of things that you can get from tree barks when you are stuck in the middle of the wilderness.

Use tree barks as tinder

Tinder is a material that is highly combustible. You use it to make camp fires for cooking and to warm in the cold nights.

You can use those rotten, chaffed dead parts of the tree barks as tinder. You peel them off from the trunk, then dry and pound them up before using. Dried tree barks can be highly combustible specially if they have longer fiber strands. Here are other examples of tree barks that you can use tinder; birch tree barks, cedars, junipers, paw paw, basswood. These tree species have fibrous barks, making them susceptible as good tinder.

Tree barks used as tindersPhoto source: https://www.youtube.com

Use tree barks as medicine

Tree barks can also be good medicines when you are stuck in the wild. The inner bark of the red oak can be a good tunic acid for skin infections like rashes, inflamed skin. The elm tree twig bark tea can cure sore throat and coughs. Apple tree bark tea can be a good anti-pyretic medicine for fevers and a cure for diarrhea. Willow twigs can be a good analgesic to relieved yourself from pain. These are just some examples of medicinal trees. You can check out this website to know more examples of medicinal trees.

Medicine ftom tree barkPhoto source: http://www.medicaldaily.com

Use tree barks as bedding

You can also convert tree barks into comfortable bedding. You can gather fallen branches,leaves and twigs and gather them to make a make shift bed to protect you from the cold, moist forest ground.

Use tree barks as food

Some tree barks are also edible. In times hunger, tree barks can be a good source of food. A town in Finland even made a bread of out of tree barks just to survive the harsh winter season! Maple, birch and pine tree barks are some of the trees that have edible tree barks. It is easy to prepare them, just shred the bark until it reaches the cambium or the most inner part of the bark. If there are some resin that would flow out, you can lap them. The resin can you give instant energy. You can eat the barks raw or you can pan-fry them. You can even add noodles or insects.

Raw tree barkPhoto source: http://pakclips.com

Use tree barks as ropes

You can also make ropes out of tree barks from fibrous trees like mulberry and basswood. These trees are good tinder, at the same time they have sturdy and flexible strands. They are very good for making ropes. Cedar and tulip poplar strands can make a durable rope if weave into a thick rope. This is because their strands are very thin. You have to get the strands from the inner bark before weaving them to ropes. If you don’t know how to weave tree bark strands into ropes, you can check this link to see instructions on how to do it.

Tree bark ropesPhoto source: http://www.devontreebushcraft.co.uk/

Use tree barks as containers

Aside from ropes, fibrous tree barks can be good containers. You can weave basket out of the thin, flexible strands out of tulip poplar, cedar and birch trees. You can make canoes and buckets out of the bark of the birch tree.

In survival activities, one must be prepared mentally, physically and emotionally. Trees play a vital role in the wilds. It is a home to many untamed creatures, it protects us from the harsh weather and provides our need in times of scarcity and survival; Food shelter, medicine and other survival tools.

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Survival Guide: Feet Injuries and How to Treat Them

Foot InjuryPhoto source: http://katyfootdoctor.com

Minor foot injuries usually heal on their own after a few days or weeks, but some injuries may be more serious; thus may need more attention. Consulting a doctor or calling help from a foot injury specialist is certainly the most appropriate thing to do upon realizing the major problem your foot injury may progress to. Moreover, it is ideal to make first aid measures and personal treatment, especially when you are in the wild and away from any medical help. The following are the some of the most common feet injuries and the treatment you might use.

Sesamoiditis

Sesamoiditis is a kind of foot ailment, wherein the sesamoid bones are inflamed. It is very common in people who constantly engage in physical activities such as dancing or running. The ailment affects the forefoot, the ball of the foot, and the medial side.

Wearing cushion-soled shoes with contact inserts is highly recommended. Wrapping ice in a towel around your inflamed feet will help reduce pain and swelling as it slows down the flow of blood. Also, one with the ailment should rest his feet from any foot activity.

Turf Toe

Turf toe is a big toe joint sprain caused by the upward over-bending of the big toes. Pain is usually at the base of the big toe.

Treatment for turf toe is determined by the severity of the injury.  Minor sprain can be treated with RICE Therapy. Positioning the toe plantar-flexed will help prevent further hyper-extension of feet. Mild to moderate turf toe may require a few days of foot rest, while severe sprains may take 6 weeks of relative rest.

Moreover, for severe sprain, wearing protective total heel inserts with prefabricated arch supports may be a necessity. Stretching and mild, easy exercises may be of good help for faster healing.

Posterior Tibial Tendonitis

Posterior tibial tendonitis is a very common inflammation problem in foot and ankle. Posterior tibial tendonitis may cause stiffness in the ankle, visible inflammation along the tendon, popping sensation, and pain in the foot as a whole.

Rest and reduction of foot stress should be at utmost priority. Wearing supportive shoes and custom-made orthotics can give extra arch support. Calf stretching regimen can also be a good idea. This regimen includes 30 seconds of standing with calf stretched against a wall as knees are straight and another 30 seconds of standing with calf stretched as knees are bent. This is done twice a day.

Jones fracture

Foot HeelPhoto source: https://www.spenco.com/

Jones fracture refers to the fracture in the junction of meta-diaphyseal in the fifth metatarsal. The fracture is at the base of the bone in the fifth metatarsal (the bone connected to the pinky toe) at the junction of the metaphyseal-diaphyseal.

Treatment depends on the fracture type. An extra-articular tuberosity fracture heals very quickly with the help of walking boots or hard-soled shoes for 2-3 weeks. Nondisplaced diaphyseal fractures are a little bit more severe than the latter fracture type. Wearing non–weight-bearing boots for about 8 weeks,,followed by a radiographic assessment is the most ideal initial measure.

Morton neuroma

Morton neuroma is the thickening of nerve tissues. Having this kind of foot injury is like walking on a marble. Pain usually persists in the ball of your foot, but the neuroma most commonly develops between the third and the fourth toes, where trauma, irritation, and excessive pressure are most exposed in.

Conservative treatment is a very common medical method for this ailment. It is designed to alleviate pain while allowing the person to continue necessary activity at the same time.

Application of felt pad under the affected area may reduce pain and inflammation. Corticosteroid can be effective in relieving the diameter of impinged nerve branch. Podiatric consultation will also be necessary for safe and appropriate shoe fitting.

Metatarsal stress fractures

Although its name can somehow be associated with Jones fracture, Metatarsal stress fracture refers to a very different ailment. Metatarsal stress fracture is a bone hairline break, caused by recurring stress from overuse.

Training programs involving non-weight-bearing activities like stationary cycling or swimming should be a routine. Conservative therapy of rest, cold compress, anti-inflammatory medications, and cessation of activity is implemented.

When you encounter any of these foot injuries while in the wild, it is best that you take a rest for a while before resuming your exploration.

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Survival Guide: Top Medicinal Plants You Need to Know About

Medicinal plants have great ability to cure diseases, they are safe and natural. They are very effective and very helpful, especially if you are in a remote place. The use of medicinal plants are widely known around the world and the benefits were proven since ancient times. Each medicinal plant has specific uses, you should be able to find out what plant you needed for specific illnesses. If you are in the wild and are in need of immediate medicine, you can use the following top medicinal plants.

medicinal plantPhoto source: https://en.wikipedia.org

Plants for headache

Ginger is a great natural medicine for headache that are associated with sinus-related diseases. To prepare ginger, crush a fresh ginger about the size of an egg and add it to a boiling water, then consume it as a tea. You can also use this preparation as an inhaled solution.

Lavender is a natural remedy for headache. It can be prepared in many ways. Lavender oil can be inhaled when mixed with boiling water. Just follow this ratio 2:2- 2 drops of lavender oil to 2 cups of boiling water. Lavender oil can also be applied on the forehead and can also be accompanied with a massage. You can also put dried lavender flower in pillows and pouches as the aroma will help lessen the headache.

Sage is another headache remedy that is very useful, especially after the holiday, the headache you experienced after over-eating from the holiday and special gatherings you’ve attended to. To prepare sage, have a handful of fresh leaves and boil to make a tea.

Plants for fever

Peppermint can ease a fever in less than an hour by applying a mixture of it directly to your forehead. Mix 3 drops of peppermint oil to 1 tablespoon of water in a clean bowl and you can use a small towel in applying the mixture to your forehead or you can also use your fingers.

Echinacea is a powerful plant medicine that is safe to be used for all ages for fever relief. It is also known to be an immunity stimulant. It is a part of the daisy family so if you have any allergy on this family of plant, avoid Echinacea as a fever remedy.

Feverfew, by the name itself, is a great fever relief. It is also a good natural remedy for migraines and known to be an anti-inflammatory agent.

Plants for nausea or vomiting

Cinnamon has a lot of uses and one of these is for nausea or vomiting. If you have an upset stomach, cinnamon tea is perfect for you. Mix a teaspoon of cinnamon powder to warm water. You can also use cinnamon bark and put it in a boiling water to make a tea, too.

Chamomile is also a very useful remedy for upset stomach, but make sure you have no allergy with chamomile because, like Echinacea, it is also a part of the daisy family. You can consume chamomile as a tea.

Basil is a great plant medicine for vomiting. You can consume it as a tea. Drink a cup of basil tea two times a day to relieve upset stomach.

Plants for wounds

Papaya is known to be a great treatment for skin. The enzyme from papaya heals the wounds faster. Papaya keeps the bacteria away and its enzyme also prevents the wounds in forming larger scars.

Aloe Vera is very effective to heal wounds by directly applying the transparent gel you can get by cutting its fresh leaves. It is also very effective to treat burns and other skin conditions.

Marigold is a perfect natural remedy to soothe the skin and to heal the wounds faster and effectively.

medicinal plantPhoto source: https://notesfromatuscanolivegrove.wordpress.com

Plants for toothache

Onion is very effective to ease toothache. You can apply a raw onion on the affected tooth. Because of the anti-bacterial property of onion, the juices come from it ease the pain of toothache. It is better to chew onions and if the pain comes back again, chew another one. It is also known to be effective in healing gum abscess.

Cloves, just like onions, has an anti-bacterial property. You can also chew cloves but you need to crush it first and then once you chew it, it will numb your gums and you will be ease from toothache.

Thyme also has anti-bacterial property and has anti-fungal property. It is effective to relieve toothache and also very helpful to treat tooth decay.

If are ever in a medical emergency in the middle of nowhere, you might consider looking for these plants to cure you. However, be careful not to pick the wrong plants as some of them may be poisonous and could pose even greater health threat.

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Survival Tips In A Jungle

Love to travel and explore new adventures on our green earth? Travelling across the world has become a lifestyle for many people these days. However, there is no comfort in this feat. To adapt yourself to different environments, follow this simple rule: “When in Rome, do like Romans do”.

We all are used to savor the pleasure of luxurious life we humans have created on this globe, but our souls are actually put to test when it comes to surviving in a jungle. The basic threat that one faces in a jungle life is getting our basic needs— food, water and shelter. Here are few survival tips that you can keep note of in case you have decided to spend a day in one.

Look for safe water source

Water is the basic need for survival; be it in urban areas or a jungle. Jungle areas are mostly rainfall prone areas so water is not usually hard to find. However, the collected water needs to be purified so that you are not succumbing to illness. One of the techniques is making a solar still.

In constructing a solar still, choose a moist area in the jungle where you can easily dig a bowl-shaped hole. Place a container in the middle of this pit covered with a plastic sheet and a small rock placed in the center of this sheet. The moisture will react with the heat and produce condensation that will be forced down in your container.

If there is a river or stream, you can collect water from it. Don’t forget to boil the water so that it’s safe to drink. You can easily find a large shell or a can to boil the water.

Find edible food 

Another thing needed for survival is food. Jungle is a hub of various plants and animals that are edible, but you need to be careful enough before you consume any of them. Some of the tips to be kept in mind are: avoid plants with umbrella-shaped flowers, the ones that have thorns, and plants with white or yellow berries.

You can try your hand on fishing, too, by carving your own 4-pronged bamboo spear. To do so, just find a piece of 6 to 8 feet of bamboo stick and make an intersecting cross- cut creating four prongs and sharpen these prongs with a knife and here is your bamboo spear.

Make a reliable shelter

shelterPhoto source: http://www.survivalcentral.ne

A shelter is needed in a jungle to protect you from wildlife intruders. This can be done by following few simple steps. Find a big branch and lean it against a tree and provide a support for it by placing smaller branches at 45 degree angle. Cover this entire structure using a plastic cover or foliage and leaves.

Create a fire

Fire is much needed in a jungle for variety of reasons. It can be for protection from cold, boiling and purifying water, cooking eatables, scaring away wild animals or creating a smoke for a rescue signal.

You need something to heat the wood at a very high temperature in a jungle to create the spark. This heat can be produced from a lot of different things – a match, concentrating light, or something that creates a friction.

Avoid dangerous animals

Watch out for the snakes and poisonous insects in the jungle. It’s good to follow your track without making any noise. If you don’t, you will put the attract animals to your direction. It’s good to keep a stick or a machete to clear the vegetation around you, which will even help you in avoiding the spider webs. Rub down mud on the exposed skin to prevent mosquito bites. Be careful while handling plants too as some have big thorns while some are poisonous.

Track your path

tracking your pathPhoto source: http://www.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au

Walk in one general direction in a jungle so you won’t get lost. Follow the trails that are left by the animals as this will gradually lead you to some open areas or water sources nearby which will also help you to track down your rescue path.

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Survival Tips In A Deserted Island

When we dream of paradise, we think of sparkling blue waters, lingering smell of fresh air and fine white sands. But what if this kind of place would make that dream of yours turned upside down? Let’s suppose that you are trapped on an island all by yourself that might be either because of a shipwreck, a land crash, or that you have been left out with your companions. However depressing it would be does not mean it’s the end for you. The chance of your survival is still there, you just have to work it.

stranded in an islandPhoto source: http://www.sailblogs.com

Check your physical condition

First things first, if you’re on a deserted island because of a shipwreck or a land crash, examining if you are well is your first priority. See if you have caught some wounds. No matter how little it would be, it should not be taken for granted and should be treated as soon as  possible as it might become infected and might got worse. It is best to be very careful to prevent any further injuries and damages.

If you are soaked with water, make sure to take your clothes off and dry them for a while. Find any available things that can be used to cover yourself as overexposure to sunlight and cold winds might be the last thing you need.

Create a shelter

Once done, you can now prepare for the things that are needed for your survival in a deserted island. It is important to acquire a shelter. Make one from any materials that can be found in the island. In this kind of situation, anything will do. You might find some useful things in the broken airplane or boat you are in during the tragedy. Any broken pieces, even if it looks like a piece of junk, might prove useful to you in the future. All you need to know is their proper use. Small pieces of wood can be dried up and can be used to make a fire while the big ones can be used for the shelter. Remember that sleeping in the ground may not be such a good idea.

You should also consider choosing the suitable location for your shelter. Right now, your shelter does not need to be a means of comfort but rather a mere protection for you in the climate of the tropics. Make sure your shelter isn’t nearby with any coconut trees as coconuts may fell unexpectedly that might cause damage to your shelter and even to you

Protect yourself from animals and insects

You should know that even if it is a deserted island, it is not merely deserted. There are some living creatures in the area and you may find some to be dangerous. Common are mosquitoes and poisonous snakes in the tropics.  Make some ways to protect yourself from the mosquitoes, like making any mosquito nets or anything of that sort.

As for those poisonous snakes, try to get the area unobstructed and always keep the fire going so as to prevent any to come close to you.

stranded in an islandPhoto source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk

Find edible food 

Since you’re in a deserted island, finding some food may not be that hard as there are a lot of sources of food in the area. However, searching for foods that are eatable may not be that easy. There may be a lot of foods but you cannot be certain that those foods do not contain any harmful substances that might poison you.

You can always examine the food and check whether or not it is poisonous. As for the sea food, especially the clams and seashells, see if it is easy to open because if it is, then you should throw it away as it cannot be eaten anymore. Those that are hard to open are most likely the safer ones. Try to cook them still just to make sure.

Look for water

You should not forget one of the most important things; that is, to find a good source of water. You cannot survive without water for just three days, especially on tropical areas where the heat of the sun is much stronger. If you are in an island with a lot of trees that can be a source of water, then consider yourself fortunate.

Your last option would be the seawater, but don’t drink it recklessly. You can only drink seawater when you are able to distill it. You can do it if you know how to make a solar still. If not, then refrain from drinking one as it can cause you to dehydrate much faster than drinking nothing.

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